Gait types include: hemiplegic, spastic diplegic, neuropathic, myopathic, With mild hemiparesis, loss of normal arm swing and slight circumduction may be the . It is important to be aware of normal motor milestones and gait development. The gait then undergoes orderly stages of development. Circumduction. This walking pattern is known as circumduction gait and in this video we will discuss about the group of muscle that is responsible for it.

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This gait is associated with cerebellar disturbances and can be seen in patients with longstanding alcohol dependency [12] [9].

3 Muscle Group Weakness that Causes Circumduction Gait.

Ankle Dorsiflexion Weakness results in a lack of heel strike and decreased floor clearance. In foot flator loading response phasethe body absorbs the impact of the foot by rolling in pronation. This website uses cookies to give circumductiin the best experience. Contents Editors Categories Share Cite. Snijders CJ et al, Het Gaan, https: That is usually the journal article where the information was first stated.

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circumduftion Heel strikealso known as initial contactis a short period which begins the moment the foot touches the ground and is the first phase of double support. Bradykinesia causes small steps which are shuffling in presentation. Toe-walking gait can also be seen in children with autism spectrum disorder ASD. Video demonstrations of gait abnormalities suggesting muscle disease. For more information please refer to our privacy and cookie policy page.

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With bilateral hip disease – a waddling circumducion sailor” gait can be seen with hips, knees and feet externally rotated. Other objective methods to assess the gait cycle that use equipment include: The knee is restricted in extension, meaning heel strike is limited and step length reduced.


Classification of the gait cycle involves two main phases: Knee flexion contractures of more than 30 degrees will be obvious during normal paced gait.

They are present on the front of the lower leg on shin area. Pathological gait is an altered gait pattern due to deformities, weakness or other impairments, cricumduction example, loss of motor control or pain.

In the bipedal system the three major joints of the lower body and pelvis work with each other as muscles and momentum move the body forward. In short, hemiplegic cannot produce sufficient knee and hip movement to clear the circumductjon and they perform it by adopting and abnormal pattern. Caused by damage to deep peroneal nerve. In most cases Physiopedia articles are a secondary source and so should not be used as references.

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Between these two phases, the mid-swing phase occurs. Heel off begins when the heel leaves the gaif. The user is encouraged to validate any information herein with an external source.

Spasticity is normally associated with both lower limbs. Comment Name Email Website Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. A mature gait pattern is well established by about 3 years of age, and the gait of a seven-year-old child resembles that of an adult.

People with ‘ Sensory’ Disturbances may present with a sensory ataxic gait. Often accompanied by flexion of upper limbs. Share this Article Send to colleagues across Social Media. A gakt is one single step, a stride is icrcumduction whole gait cycle.


In the pelvic region there is an anterior-posterior displacement, which alternates from left to right. Circumduction Gait Patients with a circumduction gait are unable to achieve adequate clearance for the foot to move through the swing phase on the affected side.

The whole blog is very nice found some good stuff and good information here Thanks for sharing…Also gaot my page. Rigidity of joints results in reduced arm swing for balance. The upper limb is in a flexed position, adducted and internally rotated at the shoulder. Mark as read Log in to mark this page as read. The opposite leg is likely to increase its knee and hip flexion to reduce its length [9].

Circumduction gait | definition of circumduction gait by Medical dictionary

Toggle navigation p Physiopedia. Hip Flexor Weakness results in a smaller step length due to the weakness of the muscle to create the forward motion.

The sequences for walking that occur may be summarised as follows: A disorder in any segment of the body can have consequences on the individual’s gait circumdduction, like a reduced knee flexion range in patients with a reconstructed ACL. The content on or accessible through Physiopedia is for informational purposes only.

The deviation of stance phase will occur mainly on the affected side. Abnormal foot posture with toes pointing down. A person with reduced spinal mobility will adopt a forward flexion position in order to alter their centre of gravity permanently during gait [10].